In July 2014, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) released the Federal Interagency Operational Plans (FIOPs). The FIOPs describe how the federal government aligns resources and delivers core capabilities identified in the National Preparedness Goal, which is “A secure and resilient nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk.”
FIOPs have been developed to build upon four of FEMA’s five mission areas outlined in the National Planning Frameworks – prevention, mitigation, response, and recovery.
- The prevention FIOP is meant to facilitate an effective federal law enforcement, investigative, intelligence, and operational response to threatened or actual acts of terrorism within the United States, and is focused on federal departments’ and agencies’ use of prevention core capabilities to resolve imminent threats and prevent attacks and follow-on attacks against the United States.
- The mitigation FIOP is directed toward federal agency operations, but is not limited to disaster-focused authorities and capabilities. The FIOP establishes a joint system for supporting local, state, tribal, territorial, and insular area partners and delivers public resources in a coordinated, effective, and proficient manner.
- The response FIOP is built on the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and utilizes the whole community concept, which incorporates a full range of stakeholders—including individuals, families, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and local, state, tribal, territorial, insular area, and federal governments—in national preparedness activities.
- The recovery FIOP provides the overarching interagency coordination structure for the recovery phases of Stafford Act incidents. The recovery FIOP is an all-hazards plan that provides guidance for the implementation of the National Disaster Recovery Framework, and while the FIOP is primarily intended to provide guidance to federal departments and agencies, other governments, NGOs, and public or private sector organizations will also find this recovery FIOP useful.
The fifth FIOP on protection will be released at a later date to ensure it aligns with emerging national protection policy.
For more information about the FIOPs, please follow the links below.
Federal Interagency Operational Plans, FEMA
Overview of the Federal Interagency Operational Plans, FEMA